(From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia) The self is an individual person as the object of his or her own reflective consciousness. The self has been studied extensively by philosophers and psychologists and is central to many world religions.
Philosophy Main article: Philosophy of self. The philosophy of self seeks to describe essential qualities that constitute a person’s uniqueness or essential being. The Self can be considered that being which is the source of consciousness; the agent responsible for an individual’s thoughts and actions; and/or the substantial nature of a person which endures and unifies consciousness over time.
Psychology Main article: Psychology of self. The psychology of self is the study of either the cognitive representation of one’s identity or the subject of experience. The earliest formulation of the self in modern psychology form the distinction between the self as I, the subjective knower, and the self as Me.  Current views of the self in psychology position the self as playing an integral part in hu-man motivation, cognition, affect, and social identity.
Religion Main article: Religious views on the self. Religious views on the self vary widely. The self is many forms of spirituality. Two types of self are commonly considered the Self that is the ego, also called the learned, superficial self of mind and body, and the Self which is sometimes called the “True Self”, the “Observing self”, or the “Witness”.  One description of spirituality is the self’s search for “ultimate meaning” through an independent comprehension of the sacred. Spiritual identity appears when the symbolic religious and spiritual of a culture is found by individuals in their own life. There can be different types of spiritual self because it is determined on one’s life and experiences.
References 1. James, W. (1891). The Principles of Psychology, Vol. 1. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. (Original work published 1890) 2. Sedikides, C. & Spencer, S.J. (Eds.) (2007). The Self. New York: Psychology Press 3. Hall, Manly P. Self Unfoldment by Disciplines of Realization. Los Angeles, California: The Philosophical Research Society, Inc. 1942. pages 115 “On rare Occasions we glimpse for an instant the tremendous implication of the Self, and we become aware that the personality in indeed merely a shadow of the real.” “Self”
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